This increase will be met mainly by aquaculture, which is expected to reach 79 million tons. Much of this responsibility to produce more aquaculture products for mankind will fall on Latin American countries. Nowadays, this region is increasingly adopting aquaculture and unlike fishing, which remains largely static, not a week goes by without newspapers releasing one or more reports on Latin American governments supporting their incipient aquaculture industries. These advances will be the focus of this report in future issues.
Today’s reality is different from the 1990’s when we embarked on this great and wonderful activity. Of those pioneers, only a few people remain; aquaculture at that time was not as well-known and widespread as it is today and many producers migrated to other activities like fishing.
Aquaculture currently provides over 42% of the fishery products that humanity demands every day. Over the past 22 years we have been able to witness this great change: global aquaculture increased from about 14 million tons of fish produced in 1990 to more than 66 million tons produced annually today. Here in Peru, the change was even more radical. From nearly 8,000 tons produced in 1990, we have currently reached a production of over 92,000 tons. Althoughthis has placed us in fifth position among Latin America countries, our aquaculture industry is small compared to our fisheries, which exceeded 8.2 million tons in 2012. So, there is certainly much more still to do.